(CNN) The first whooping cough death in California since 2016 was confirmed Tuesday.
An infant in San Bernardino County died after contracting pertussis, also known as whooping cough, according to a statement from the California Department of Public Health. Department Director Dr. Karen Smith called the death “a tragedy.”
“Any infant death due to pertussis is preventable through maternal vaccination,” said Dr. James Watt, chief of the department’s Division of Communicable Disease Control.
For confidentiality reasons, the department is not providing any details about the case, such as the infant’s identity or whether the infant or the mother was vaccinated. [However it is clear from the context of the official announcement that the child and its mother were unvaccinated. – Editor]
Whooping cough is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract that is highly contagious and especially dangerous for babies, but today, vaccines can offer protection against the disease.
In general, infants who die from the disease typically have not received a vaccination for it, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccinating infants at 2 months of age and women in the third trimester of each pregnancy to protect the child until they are old enough to be vaccinated.
Whooping cough vaccines are effective but not perfect; those who contract the disease after having been vaccinated are less likely to develop a serious infection, according to the CDC. The whooping cough vaccine given to children is 80% to 90% effective, but effectiveness decreases over time.
The infection has early symptoms such as runny nose and fever as well as apnea, or pauses in breathing for babies, which can be life-threatening. Later-stage symptoms include vomiting and fits of rapid coughing.
The disease gets its name from the distinctive sound an infected person may make when inhaling after a coughing fit. Read the full story at CNN.
First Confirmed Whooping Cough Death in a California Infant Since 2016
SACRAMENTO – The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) announced today Pertussis, better known as whooping cough, claimed the life of a San Bernardino County infant.
This is the first confirmed infant death from the disease since 2016, when two deaths occurred.
“This baby’s death is a tragedy for the family and for California as a community, as this is a preventable disease,” said Dr. Karen Smith, CDPH Director and State Public Health Officer. “This serves as a grim reminder that whooping cough is always present in our communities, and immunizations are the first line of defense.”
Each year, 50-200 California infants are hospitalized with pertussis. CDPH and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that expectant mothers receive the whooping cough booster shot (also called Tdap, or tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis vaccine) at the earliest opportunity between 27 and 36 weeks of every pregnancy, even if previously immunized.
Getting immunized during pregnancy boosts a mother’s immunity and passes on protective antibodies directly to their babies before birth. This helps protect newborns until they are old enough to begin receiving their own whooping cough immunizations at 6 to 8 weeks of age.
“No baby should have to be hospitalized due to a vaccine-preventable disease, and certainly no baby should die,” said Dr. Smith. “To give babies the best protection, I urge all pregnant women to get vaccinated against whooping cough as early as possible during the third trimester of every pregnancy.”
To avoid the spread of whooping cough, CDPH also recommends that:
- Parents immunize their babies against whooping cough as soon as possible. The first dose is recommended at two months of age, but can be given as early as six weeks of age.
- California 7th grade students receive the whooping cough booster, Tdap.
- Adults receive a whooping cough booster once in their lives.
The symptoms of whooping cough vary by age. For children, whooping cough typically starts with a runny nose and cough for one to two weeks. The cough then worsens and often results in rapid coughing spells that end with a whooping sound.
Young infants may not have typical whooping cough symptoms and may have no apparent cough. Parents may describe episodes in which breathing briefly stops and the infant’s face turns red or purple. For adults, whooping cough may be a cough illness that lasts for several weeks.
Most health plans cover Tdap immunizations, and many pharmacies offer it. Medi-Cal members may be able to get their Tdap shots at the pharmacy where they usually pick up their prescriptions. Call your health plan to learn more. If you do not have health insurance, call your local health department to find a low- or no-cost location.
More information about pertussis is available on CDPH’s website.
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