(Health.news) Disease can spread like wildfire in stricken communities where modern luxuries are suddenly absent in a sh!t-hits-the-fan (SHTF) scenario.
And in a post-disaster world, disease can easily mean death.
Here are some of the most common deadly infections that may crop up in a disaster scenario (and what you can do to prevent them):
Norovirus is a highly contagious gastrointestinal infection. Even under normal conditions, it is ranked as the most common cause of food-borne illness and infection in the United States.
The infection can spread through contaminated food, contact with an infected person, or touching surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus.
Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain.
The best tips to avoid norovirus? Purify your water, wash fruits and veggies before consuming, and most importantly, wash your hands often. Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces is also important.
2. E. coli
Another highly contagious gastrointestinal infection, E. coli shares a similar outlook as norovirus. It is easily spread through contact with contaminated foods, surfaces and people.
Symptoms include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and stomach cramping.
Home care includes plenty of fluids and rest. Prevention tips include good personal hygiene and hand-washing, purifying your water supply and washing fruits and vegetables before consumption.
Getting wounded by a rusty metal object may not seem like a big deal right now — but after SHTF, one rusty nail could be the difference between life and death.
Some of the symptoms include difficulty swallowing, stiffness in the neck and jaw, fever and sweating. As tetanus progresses, breathing may become difficult and death may soon follow.
Some steps you can take to prevent tetanus include thoroughly cleaning wounds with an antiseptic solution and covering with a bandage. There are many natural antiseptics you can keep in your bug-out kit.