| Unicef – Available data from large scale surveys show that the practice of FGM/C (female genital mutilation/cutting) is highly focussed in a swath of countries from the Atlantic coast to the Horn of Africa, in areas of the Middle East such as Iraq and Yemen and in some countries in Asia like Indonesia.
The practice is also found in pockets of Europe and in Australia and North America which, for the last several decades, have been destinations for migrants from countries where the practice still occurs. [Emphasis added; key U.S. cities and states listed below.]
FGM/C is a human rights issue that affects girls and women worldwide.
Evidence suggests that FGM/C exists in some places in South America such as Colombia and elsewhere in the world including in India, Malaysia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, with large variations in terms of the type performed, circumstances surrounding the practice and size of the affected population groups.
“President Donald Trump questioned why the United States would want to have immigrants from Haiti and African nations, referring to some as ‘shithole countries.’ ” – Fortune, January 12, 2018
Some studies, conducted mainly in Europe, have attempted to quantify the number of immigrant girls and women who have undergone the practice or are at risk of undergoing it, but such efforts have not been systematic in all affected countries.
To date, the primary sources of nationally representative data on FGM/C have been household surveys.
As understanding of the practice has grown, so have efforts to undertake data collection in countries where there has been widespread recognition that it is taking place.
For instance, it was widely acknowledged for some time that FGM/C was being practiced in the Kurdish region of Iraq and, in 2011, the first-ever national household survey that collected data on the practice in the country was conducted.
Similarly, in 2013, the Ministry of Health in Indonesia included questions on the prevalence of FGM/C among the youngest girls in one of its household surveys, thus producing national prevalence data on the issue for the first time.
More data collection in countries where no such data currently exist is needed in order to present a more reliable and complete picture of the practice. Read more. Featured image: Women in Djibouti attend a meeting hosted by the U.S. military in 2007 to promote migration to the U.S.; Djibouti has one of the highest rates of FGM in the world.
African immigrant population in U.S. steadily climbs
PEW RESEARCH – African immigrants make up a small share of the nation’s immigrant population, but their overall numbers are growing – roughly doubling every decade since 1970, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data.
There were 2.1 million African immigrants living in the United States in 2015, up from 881,000 in 2000 and a substantial increase from 1970 when the U.S. was home to only 80,000 foreign-born Africans …
One factor behind this recent wave can be traced to the Refugee Act of 1980, which made it easier for those fleeing conflict-ridden areas, like Somalia and Ethiopia, to resettle in the U.S. Back then, less than 1% of all refugee arrivals were from Africa, compared with 37% in fiscal 2016, according to figures from the U.S. State Department’s Refugee Processing Center.
Statistics from the Yearbook of Immigration Statistics confirm this point. Among the top 10 countries by refugee arrival in 2015, four were in Africa: Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Eritrea. [Three of these — Somalia, Sudan, and Eritrea — are listed by Unicef as nations with high rates of FGM. – Ed.] Read more.
African immigration to the United States
Immigrants from Africa typically settle in heavily urban areas upon arrival into the US. Areas such as Washington, D.C., New York, Baltimore, Houston, Columbus, Ohio, Atlanta and Minneapolis have heavy concentrations of African immigrant populations. Also Miami, Dallas, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. Often there are clusters of nationalities within these cities. The longer African immigrants live in the United States, the more likely they are to live in suburban areas.
In the San Francisco Bay Area, there are officially 40,000 African immigrants, although it has been estimated that the population is actually four times this number when considering undocumented immigrants. The majority of these immigrants were born in Ethiopia, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa. [Three of these –Ethiopia, Egypt, and Nigeria — are listed by Unicef as nations with high rates of FGM. – Ed.]
Original post, Oct 21, 2018 …
Illinois Girls Brutalized In ‘Demonic’ Muslim Sex Ritual
Feds discover 3 more mutilated girls | EXTREME READER DISCRETION
| Doctor could face 30 years in prison
| Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press – The federal government has found three more female genital mutilation victims who traveled to Michigan for the procedure — all of them elementary school girls from Illinois who came here with their mothers for religious cuttings, prosecutors say.
One of the girls was cut on Valentine’s Day in 2015; another at the start of her 2015 school year, court records show. The third was cut in March 2015.
All three Illinois girls were about 7 years old at the time of the procedures, according to a new indictment filed Wednesday in U.S. District Court in Detroit, where eight people are facing charges in the nation’s first genital mutilation case, including two doctors and four mothers.
Prosecutors have now identified nine victims in the case:
- two 7-year-old girls from Minnesota;
- four Michigan girls ages 8-12;
- and the three Illinois girls.
According to the new indictment, one of the Michigan girls was given Valium ground up in liquid Tylenol during her procedure in 2015.
What is the suitable legal recourse for girls maimed for life by female genital mutilation? Comment below.
One doctor, 100 victims
The lead defendant in the case is Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, 45, of Northville, whom prosecutors have estimated performed genital mutilation on at least 100 girls over a 12-year-period.
For Nagarwala, this latest indictment comes with some bigger headaches as the government re-charged her with a crime that could send her to prison for 30 years if convicted: conspiracy to travel with intent to engage in illicit sexual conduct.
Nagarwala had initially been charged with a similar crime — it carried a life sentence — accusing her of transporting a minor with intent to engage in “sexual activity.”
A federal judge dismissed that count eight months ago, concluding there wasn’t merit for it, as the defense argued.
But this time around, the prosecution added in a tweaked version of that crime, accusing Nagarwala of “illicit sexual conduct” as opposed to “sexual activity.” Read more. (Coverage continues below … )
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‘This is demonic’ – Genital mutilation victims break their silence
Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press – It was the summer of 1990.
Mariya Taher was 7 years old, vacationing in India with her family, when one day her mother took her to a run-down apartment building without explaining why.
She remembers climbing some stairs, opening a door and seeing older women in a room. There was laughter, and the place seemed cheerful.
But then came the betrayal.
The child ended up on the floor. Her dress was lifted up.
“I remember something sharp down there and then I remember crying,” Taher, now 34, recalls. “I remember my mom comforting me afterward and holding me in her lap.”
A decade later, Taher would better understand what happened to her on that summer day in Mumbai.
She had survived the taboo ritual of female genital mutilation, a decades-old religious tradition that millions of women worldwide continue to be subjected to, including a half million in the U.S., where a historic criminal case involving the practice is unfolding in Detroit.
In a first-of-its kind federal prosecution, authorities have charged three people for their alleged roles in the genital cuttings of two 7-year-old Minnesota girls at a Livonia clinic in February.
Authorities say the girls came to Michigan with their mothers, thinking it was a special girls trip, but ended up having their genitals cut instead.
Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, 44, of Northville, who was arrested April 12, is accused of cutting the girls and, if convicted, could get life in prison. [That charge has been dropped; new charges have been filed with the potential for 30 years in prison. – Editor]
Dr. Fakhruddin Attar, 53, of Livonia and his wife, Farida Attar, 50, were arrested Friday. He is accused of letting Nagarwala use his clinic to perform the procedure, while his wife is accused of holding the girls’ hands to comfort them during the cuttings.
All three defendants belong to a small, Indian-Muslim community known as the Dawoodi Bohra … Read more.