Don’t want anal cancer? Don’t go there …
Nov 19, 2019 |
CNN – Anal cancer cases and deaths are rising dramatically in the United States, especially among older people and young black men, a new study says.
Researchers examined trends in anal cancer cases over about 15 years, and identified about 69,000 cases of anal cancer and more than 12,000 deaths during this time.
“Our findings of the dramatic rise in incidence among black millennials and white women, rising rates of distant-stage disease, and increases in anal cancer mortality rates are very concerning,” the study’s lead author, Ashish A. Deshmukh, an assistant professor at UTHealth School of Public Health, said in a statement. “Given the historical perception that anal cancer is rare, it is often neglected.”
From 2001 to 2015, cases of the most common type of anal cancer increased by 2.7% per year, while anal cancer death rates increased by 3.1% per year from 2001 to 2016 …
Cancer linked to HPV
Anal cancer occurs where the digestive tract ends. It is different from colon or rectal cancer and most similar to cervical cancer.
Over 90% of cases of anal cancers are associated with HPV, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Is It Cool To Be Black, Fat, And Female?
Screening for anal cancer has been implemented for some high-risk groups, but the study authors argue their findings suggest “broader screening efforts should be considered.” But they also believe the increase in diagnoses isn’t likely to be because of an increase in screening practices.
Since the 1950s, there have been substantial changes in risk factors for anal cancer, including shifts in sexual behaviors and an increased number of sexual partners, according to the study, both of which increase the likelihood of contracting HPV.
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