Protecting hunters from risk: some common sense guidelines
| American Veterinary Medical Assn. – There is an increasing awareness among hunters that there are medical risks associated with handling wildlife, and certain safety precautions should be taken.
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has the following advice on certain health concerns linked to hunting, both in North America and in other areas of the world.
This document is by no means intended to discourage people from hunting; instead, it is intended to inform hunters of the risks they face and steps they can take to reduce those risks.
Hunters and their dogs can be exposed to infectious diseases not only from infected animals, but also via insect vectors and contaminated soil and water.
Diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans, either through direct contact with the animal or a contaminated surface or water, through ingestion of animal products (including meat and milk) or through insect transmission from an animal are called zoonotic diseases.
Insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies, fleas or mites serve as vectors, capable of transmitting infection from an infected animal to another animal or a person. Big Spike In Ticks, Bugs, Third World Disease Across USA (Coverage continues below … )
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Infectious Diseases and Invasive Bugs Impacting Hunters and Their Dogs (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- Avian Influenza
- Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter jejuni)
- Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)
- Deer Parapoxvirus
- Hydatid Tapeworms (Echinococcosis)
- Equine Encephalitis Viruses
- E. coli
- Lyme Disease
- Q fever
- Raccoon Roundworm
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (tick-borne typhus fever)
- Salmonellosis (Salmonella species)
- Sarcoptic mange
- Trichinellosis (trichinosis)
- West Nile Virus
Specific Risks Associated with International Hunting
- Avoid hunting if you are feeling ill. People are more prone to disease if their immune systems are weakened by other illnesses or conditions.
- Take precautions to minimize insect bites. Scientists Set To Wipe Out World’s Deadliest Animal
- Do not handle or eat wild game or fowl that appeared ill or were acting in an abnormal manner before they were killed.
- Do not eat, drink or smoke while cleaning wild fowl or game.
- Always protect your hands with gloves (heavy rubber, latex, or nitrile) when field dressing wild game or fowl.
- Do not use the same utensils to clean different species.
- If there are any old wounds on the carcass, and especially if there is pus present, meat in this area should be removed and discarded. A large area of tissue around the wound and pus pockets should also be cut away with the wound, even if the tissue looks normal, because it can still harbor infection.
- If any abnormalities are seen in the chest or abdominal cavity of the carcass, consider disposing of the entire carcass.
- Minimize contact with brain or spinal tissues. (see more; if type is too small, please zoom in)